Journal of Social Sciences and Arts



The declines in mortality and birth rates in Kyrgyz society is associated with social and economic transformations and changes that went through in the 20th century. Although these transformations and changes brought a new way of life to the Kyrgyz society, they brought its demographic structure to new dimensions. Due to a serious decline in infant and child mortality rates in Kyrgyzstan, the population growth rate in the country increased in the second quarter of the 20th century, but then began to decline again with a decline in the birth rate. Currently, the proportion of the elderly population in Kyrgyzstan is low. While the 0-14 age group constitutes 1/3 of the total population, the working-age population has a share of approximately 60%. Therefore, the population of Kyrgyzstan has a dynamic characteristic. This feature creates an important advantage for the development and prosperity of the country. Moreover, the unique ethnic diversity in the country grants a distinctive feature to the demographic structure of Kyrgyzstan.
The aim of this study is to examine the demographic structure of Kyrgyzstan. The primary data used in the study were obtained from the United Nations Population Division and the National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. In addition, the reports of research institutions, and academic articles and books were used.

Keywords: Demographic structure, Population growth, Ethnic structure, Kyrgyzstan

Publication date: 31.12.2022

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