PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION TO CHRONIC SOMATIC DISEASE: ASPECTS OF COPING
Assoc. Prof. Ilia Abrosimov Nikolaevich
The article describes the results of the empirical study that indicates the relationship between coping behavior of a patient in a chronic disease with other indicators and predictors of the effectiveness of adaptation to the disease. It was found that such parameters as the understanding of the course of the disease, the identification of its symptoms and the assessment of negative consequences are decisive in the choice of more adaptive coping strategies in the conditions of the disease, such as "Optimism", "Hope" and "Problem solving planning". These behavioral strategies help patients achieve better treatment outcomes rather than avoidance and distancing strategies. These strategies help patients get rid of intense unpleasant emotions, but they do not help in solving problems, which is fundamental in the conditions of illness. At the same time, certain combinations of perception of the disease and coping with it also determine the indicators of adherence to treatment and quality of life. Patients who are optimistic about their condition and plan their further treatment are more committed, but have a lower emotional background. Patients choosing avoidant stress management experience less negative emotions but are less effective in treatment
Keywords: coping behavior, coping with illness behavior, adaptation to chronic illness, somatic disease, cystic fibrosis.
Publication date: 30.12.2021
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