SUFIS WHO CONTRIBUTED TO THE SPREAD OF SUFISM IN CENTRAL ASIA
Zhanbolat SAMBETOV, Prof. Dr. Kemaleddin TAŞ
The peoples of Turkestan, especially the nomadic Turks, became Muslims of their own free will, thanks to Sufism. It can be said that the religious scholars who grew up in the region played an important role in the spread of Sufism in Central Asia. Sufis such as Abdullah b. Mübarek (736-797), Fudayl b. İyâz (725-803), Hakîm et-Tirmizî (-893), Hasen et-Tirmizî (d. 932), Mehdi es-Seyyari el-Mervezi (875-953 or 956), İbrâhîm Kelâbâzî (-990), Yusuf Hemedânî (-1140), Muhammed el-Meyhenî (-1049), Abdülhâliḳ Gucdüvânî (-1179 or 1220) made great efforts to make Sufism or Islam permanent in the region. It can be understood from the “nisbes” of the sufis, cities such as Tirmiz, Merv were at the forefront education centers in the period when Islam began to spread in the region. In addition, Khorasan and Iran stand out as the regions where Sufism and Islam spread in Central Asia.
Keywords: Central Asia, Khorasan, sufism, Turks, Yusuf Hemedânî
Publication date: 30.12.2021
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